Newborn respiratory distress syndrome happens when a baby’s lungs aren’t fully developed and can’t provide enough oxygen, causing breathing difficulties. It usually affects premature babies. It is also known as infant respiratory distress syndrome, hyaline membrane disease or surfactant deficiency lung disease. Neonatal RDS happens in newborn children whose lungs have not yet completely created. The infection is fundamentally brought about by the absence of a dangerous substance in the lungs called surfactant. This substance enables the lungs to load up with air and shields the air sacs from flattening. Surfactant is available when the lungs are completely created.